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Republic of China
Republic of China Flag
See also: Taiwan
Republic of China

Chunghwa Minkuo'
Zhōnghuá Mínguó
A red flag, with a small blue rectangle in the top left hand corner on which sits a white sun composed of a circle surrounded by 12 rays.
A map depicting the location of the Republic of China in East Asia and in the World.
red area shows territories controlled by ROC
Official languagesMandarin
Traditional Chinese
Ethnic groups
>95% Han Chinese
  70% Hokkien
  14% Hakka
  14% Waishengren
2.3% Aborigines
Demonym(s)Taiwanese or Chinese or both
GovernmentPresidential republic
• President
Tsai Ing-wen
Chen Chien-jen
• Premier
Su Tseng-chang
10 October 1911
• Republic established
1 January 1912
25 October 1945
25 December 1947
7 December 1949
29 January 1962
23 March 1996
• Total
36,191.4667 km2 (13,973.6034 sq mi) (136th)
• Water (%)
• 2011 estimate
23,174,528 (49th)
• Density
640/km2 (1,657.6/sq mi) (16th)
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
• Total
$900,210 billion (19th)
• Per capita
$39,245 (20th)
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
• Total
$489.387 billion (24th)
• Per capita
$21,832 (37th)
Gini (2008)34.1
HDI (2010)Increase 0.868
very high
CurrencyNew Taiwan dollar (NT$) (TWD)
Time zoneUTC+8 (CST)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+8 (not observed)
Date formatyyyy-mm-dd
(CE; CE+2697) or 民國yy年m月d日
Driving sideright
Calling code+886
ISO 3166 codeTW
Internet, .台灣,.台湾
a.   See also Names of China.

b.   Nanking (now Nanjing) was the seat of the government from 1928 until 1949 except during wars, when the government retreated to Taipei.

c.   Population and density ranks based on 2008 figures.
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