A mathematical **equation** is an expression containing two mathematical objects connected by an equals sign (=) .^{}^{}^{}^{} The equals sign says that both sides are exactly equal, or of the same value. An equation can be as simple as x=0, or as complex as 4(3y^{99}) +76=42+3x or harder.

There are two kinds of mathematical equations:

- The kind of equation that is either true or false; these are also called identities. For example:

- 2 \cdot (x+4)=2x+8 \rightarrow \text{true}

- The kind of equation that is only true for certain values of the variable(s). The equation is only true if the variable(s) have that value. For example:

- 2 \cdot x=8 \rightarrow x=4

The second kind is often used to solve problems in which finding the value of some variables is involved. For example, if

- 2x = 8, \, x = \frac{8}{2} = 4.

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